Revue : Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases

Evaluation of a Multivariate Syndromic Surveillance System for West Nile Virus

Auteurs :

Faverjon C.*, Andersson M.G., Decors A., Tapprest J., Tritz P., Sandoz A., Kutasi O., Sala C., Leblond A.

* Auteur correspondant : Céline Faverjon (e-mail)

Résumé :

Background: Various methods are currently used for the early detection of West Nile virus (WNV) but their outputs are not quantitative and/or do not take into account all available information. Our study aimed to test a multivariate syndromic surveillance system to evaluate if the sensitivity and the specificity of detection of WNV could be improved.

Methods: Weekly time series data on nervous syndromes in horses and mortality in both horses and wild birds were used. Baselines were fitted to the three time series and used to simulate 100 years of surveillance data. WNV outbreaks were simulated and inserted into the baselines based on historical data and expert opinion. Univariate and multivariate syndromic surveillance systems were tested to gauge how well they detected the outbreaks; detection was based on an empirical Bayesian approach. The systems’ performances were compared using measures of sensitivity, specificity, and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC).

Results: When data sources were considered separately (i.e., univariate systems), the best detection perfor mance was obtained using the data set of nervous symptoms in horses compared to those of bird and horse mortality (AUCs equal to 0.80, 0.75, and 0.50, respectively). A multivariate outbreak detection system that used nervous symptoms in horses and bird mortality generated the best performance (AUC=0.87).

Conclusions: The proposed approach is suitable for performing multivariate syndromic surveillance of WNV outbreaks. This is particularly relevant, given that a multivariate surveillance system performed better than a univariate approach. Such a surveillance system could be especially useful in serving as an alert for the possibility of human viral infections. This approach can be also used for other diseases for which multiple sources of evidence are available.

Référence bibliographique complète :

Faverjon C., Andersson M.G., Decors A., Tapprest J., Tritz P., Sandoz A., Kutasi O., Sala C., Leblond A. 2016. Evaluation of a Multivariate Syndromic Surveillance System for West Nile Virus. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 16:382–390. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2015.1883