Revue : Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde (SAT)

Factors influencing the onset and progression of pododermatitis in captive flamingos (Phoenicopteidae)

Auteurs :
WYSS F., WENKER C., HOBY S., GARDELLI B., STUDER-THIERSCH A., VON HOUWALD F., SCHUMACHER V., CLAUSS M., DOHERR M., HAEFELI W., FURRER S., BECHET A.* & ROBERT N. 

Résumé : 
Pododermatitis is a worldwide problem in captive flaamingos. We performed an evaluation of different influence factors (age, sex, weight, origin, breeding status) and a comparison of foot lesions between several zoological institutions and the feet of free-ranging Greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus). A scoring system was used to determine the prevalence and types of lesions and severity. Cracks and nodules developed as early as 3 months of age and papillomatous growths as early as 6 to 7 months of age in captivity. Nodules with ulceration occurred significantly more often in birds older than 31 years and heavier than 4 kg. The comparison of different institutions revealed that birds kept in enclosures with natural-floored water ponds had significantly less severe lesions than birds kept in concrete water ponds. None of the freeranging flamingos, which live on a muddy underground, showed any lesion. This study demonstrates that flooring, weight and age are important in the onset and progression of pododermatitis in flamingos.

Référence bibliographique complète :
Wyss F., Wenker C., Hoby S., Gardelli B., Studer-Thiersch A., Von Houwald F., Schumacher V., Clauss M., Doherr M., Häfeli W., Furrer S., Béchet A. & Robert N. 2013. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde (SAT), 155(9):497-503. doi: 10.1024/0036-7281/a000499

*Auteur correspondant : bechet@tourduvalat.org