Revue : Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde

Factors influencing the onset and progression of pododermatitis in captive flamingos (Phoenicopteridae)

Auteurs :

WYSS, F., WENKER, C., HOBY, S., GARDELLI, B., STUDER-THIERSCH, A., VON HOUWALD, F., SCHUMACHER, V., CLAUSS, M., DOHERR, M. G., HAFELI, W., FURRER, S., ROBERT, N.

Résumé :

Pododermatitis is a worldwide problem in captive flamingos. We performed an evaluation of different influence factors (age, sex, weight, origin, breeding status) and a comparison of foot lesions between several zoological institutions and the feet of free-ranging Greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus). A scoring system was used to determine the prevalence and types of lesions and severity. Cracks and nodules developed as early as 3 months of age and papillomatous growths as early as 6 to 7 months of age in captivity. Nodules with ulceration occurred significantly more often in birds older than 31 years and heavier than 4 kg. The comparison of different institutions revealed that birds kept in enclosures with natural-floored water ponds had signifi cantly less severe lesions than birds kept in concrete water ponds. None of the freeranging flamingos, which live on a muddy underground, showed any lesion. This study demonstrates that flooring, weight and age are important in the onset and progression of pododermatitis in flamingos.

Référence bibliographique complète :

Wyss, F., Wenker, C., Hoby, S., Gardelli, B., Studer-Thiersch, A., von Houwald, F., Schumacher, V., Clauss, M., Doherr, M. G., Hafeli, W., Furrer, S., Robert, N., Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, Band 155, Heft 9, September 2013, 497 – 503