Revue : Plant Biosystems
Mesleard, F., Yavercovsky, N., Dutoit, T.
Juncus acutus and J. maritimus are two colonizers of coastal marsh rangeland with worldwide distribution. We tested the effect of salt, temperature, and photoperiod on the germination capacity of seeds of the two Juncus from the Rhoˆne delta (south of France). We measured the first day of germination, the mean time, speed, and rate of germination on seeds subjected to five salinity levels, three Dark–Light temperatures and two D-L photoperiods (12–12 and 10–14). The 10–14 D-L photoperiod, although it corresponds to one of the two main germination periods of J. acutus and J. maritimus in the northern Mediterranean, has never been previously used to study their germination capacity. Analyses showed significant effects of salinity and temperature on the germination parameters tested, and for these two factors we found results comparable to those of previous studies. Salinity sloweddownand reduced the germination processwhile spring temperatures had a positive effect. A surprising result was obtained by changing the D-L photoperiod from 12–12 to 10–14 which then largely buffered the negative effect of salt and high temperatures on germination. This capacity of J. acutus and J. maritimus to withstand salty conditions during the germination phase due to the spring photoperiod could be decisive in the ability of both species to colonize saline environments.
Référence bibliographique complète :
F. Mesleard, N. Yavercovski & T. Dutoit (2015): Photoperiod buffers responses to salt and temperature during germination of two coastal salt marsh colonizers Juncus acutus and Juncus maritimus, Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology: Official Journal of the Societa Botanica Italiana, DOI: 10.1080/11263504.2015.1007898