Revue : Journal of Ornithology
M. Guillemain*, C. Pernollet, G. Massez, F. Cavallo, G. Simon, J. Champagnon
A large body of research has accumulated on the impact of climate change on wildlife movements and distributions, especially for migratory birds. We used large ringing datasets for the Common Teal (Anas crecca) from the Camargue, southern France, to compare historic (from 1956–1975) spatiotemporal patterns of teal recovery with those seen in modern (2002–2012) years and assess whether the migration phenology of these ringed birds and their use of the Camargue as winter quarters has changed. Because teal are short-distance migrants (i.e., they breed in northern Europe and winter north of the Sahara), they would be predicted to delay their autumn migration in response to climate change. Conversely, ring recoveries showed that teal are now arriving much earlier: a stable 80% of the recoveries were made locally in the Camargue each week between mid-November and late January in the modern dataset, whereas this percentage was only 53% on average in the older data, and the proportion of recoveries made locally in the Camargue gradually increased through the autumn and winter until late January. This suggests that Camargue habitats have changed markedly and become more attractive to teal compared to other potential wintering areas, consistent with known changes in local habitat management practices and improvements in the body condition of the birds. Despite the fact that global climate change will likely be one of the main drivers of wildlife distribution over the long term and at large spatial scales, local habitat management should not be overlooked, as it can increase habitat attractivity to migratory birds.
* Auteur correspondant : Matthieu Guillemain
Référence bibliographique complète :
M. Guillemain*, C. Pernollet, G. Massez, F. Cavallo, G. Simon, J. Champagnon. Disentangling the drivers of change in Common Teal migration phenology over 50 years: land use vs. climate change effects. Journal of Ornithology (2015). DOI 10.1007/s10336-015-1171-z