Revue : PLoS One
The effect of recurrent floods on genetic composition of marble trout populations
PUJOLAR J.M., VINCENZI S., ZANE L., JESENSEK D., DE LEO G.A. & CRIVELLI A.J.
A changing global climate can threaten the diversity of species and ecosystems. We explore the consequences of catastrophic disturbances in determining the evolutionary and demographic histories of secluded marble trout populations in Slovenian streams subjected to weather extremes, in particular recurrent flash floods and debris flows causing massive mortalities. Using microsatellite data, a pattern of extreme genetic differentiation was found among populations (global FST of 0.716), which exceeds the highest values reported in freshwater fish. All locations showed low levels of genetic diversity as evidenced by low heterozygosities and a mean of only 2 alleles per locus, with few or no rare alleles. Many loci showed a discontinuous allele distribution, with missing alleles across the allele size range, suggestive of a population contraction.
Accordingly, bottleneck episodes were inferred for all samples with a reduction in population size of 3–4 orders of magnitude. The reduced level of genetic diversity observed in all populations implies a strong impact of genetic drift, and suggests that along with limited gene flow, genetic differentiation might have been exacerbated by recurrent mortalities likely caused by flash flood and debris flows. Due to its low evolutionary potential the species might fail to cope with an intensification and altered frequency of flash flood events predicted to occur with climate change.
Référence complète bibliographique :
PUJOLAR J.M., VINCENZI S., ZANE L., JESENSEK D., DE LEO G.A. & CRIVELLI A.J., 2011. The effect of recurrent floods on genetic composition of marble trout populations. PLoS One 6(9): e23822