Revue : Elsevier

Do mute swan (Cygnus olor) grazing, swan residence and fishpond nutrient availability interactively control macrophyte communities?
Auteurs :
GAYET G., GUILLEMAIN G., FRITZ H., MESLEARD F., BEGNIS C., COSTIOU A., BODY G., CURTET L. & BROYER J.
 
Résumé :
The mute swan (Cygnus olor Gmelin) is one of the largest herbivorous waterbirds in the world. Its population increased dramatically over the last decades in Western Europe, leading to concerns about its potential impact on aquatic ecosystems. Indeed, swan consequences on fishponds remain poorly investigated, although fishpond animal communities and economic value both largely depend on aquatic macrophytes. We carried out an experiment in the Dombes region (Eastern France) with 96 exclosures on 24 fishponds. Our aim was to assess the impact of swan grazing on aquatic macrophyte presence, abundance and community structure (diversity and evenness) during the growing season (April to July). We also considered the potential effect of swan stay (i.e. number of swan days ha?1) and nutrient availability on macrophyte depletion. Swan grazing negatively affected the presence and abundance (% cover) of macrophyte beds, particularly at high swan density. No significant effect on dry biomass was found. Furthermore, swan grazing negatively affected community structure, suggesting that mute swan promoted the dominance of a few species in macrophyte communities. Whatever the macrophyte variable considered, nutrient availability in fishponds did not affect macrophyte depletion rate. It is speculated that both the repeated use of the same fishponds by birds and their expansion within the landscape may lead to more acute and broader consequences for macrophyte beds over the longer term.
 
Référence bibliographique complète :
GAYET G., GUILLEMAIN G., FRITZ H., MESLEARD F., BEGNIS C., COSTIOU A., BODY G., CURTET L. & BROYER J., 2011. Do mute swan (Cygnus olor) grazing, swan residence and fish pond nutrient availability interactively control macrophyte communities? Aquat Bot 95 p110-115